Hydrogen water, also known as "Hydrogen Water" in Japanese, has gained popularity as a revolutionary concept in healthy drinking water. The research and development of hydrogen-rich water started in 2007 with the publication of the first hydrogen gas biology paper in Nature Medicine. Conventionally, hydrogen gas is known to be insoluble in water. In high school chemistry experiments involving hydrogen gas production, we use displacement method for collecting hydrogen gas because it is considered to be insoluble in water. However, in reality, hydrogen gas can dissolve in water, albeit with low solubility. The solubility of hydrogen gas in water, calculated based on molar concentration, is 0.92 mmol/L at 20°C under 101.325 kPa pressure. The challenge lies in how to enhance and maintain the concentration and stability of saturated hydrogen water, which is crucial for medical applications. The invention of domestic nanobubble technology has overcome the scientific challenge of hydrogen gas being poorly soluble in water by using physical methods to evenly envelop hydrogen molecules in water, ensuring stable bonding between hydrogen gas and water. This technology offers the advantages of high hydrogen gas concentration and good stability.
As we all know, the human body is composed of cells, and diseases can ultimately be attributed to cellular damage. Aging is also caused by cellular aging or necrosis. The main culprit behind cellular dysfunction and aging is excess reactive oxygen species (ROS). How are ROS generated? Oxygen enters the body through respiration and is transported to cells via red blood cells in the bloodstream. In order to produce energy within cells, glucose and fat are burned. During this process, oxygen also undergoes combustion, with 2% of it being converted into reactive oxygen species. Due to reasons such as food additives, chlorine-containing beverages, and imbalanced intestinal microbial flora caused by abnormal fermentation in the gastrointestinal tract, a large amount of ROS is produced. Other factors contributing to ROS production include intense exercise, ultraviolet radiation, smoking, alcohol consumption, exposure to bacteria, viruses, air pollution, radiation, X-rays, cancer chemotherapy drugs, and dyes. Hydrogen gas is a colorless, odorless, non-toxic, and tasteless gas. The unique properties of hydrogen gas determine its many advantages in biology. One prominent characteristic is its excellent penetrability, allowing it to easily enter any part of the cell, such as the cell nucleus and mitochondria. This is an important feature that underlies the therapeutic application of hydrogen gas for disease treatment.
1. Hydrogen Water Stick: Also known as Hydrogen Water Bar, it was introduced from Japan. It utilizes the reaction between magnesium and water to produce hydrogen gas. When the hydrogen water stick is placed in a container filled with drinking water, small hydrogen gas bubbles will be generated around it. The effect is slightly better in a sealed container. If used in an open container, hydrogen gas easily escapes from the water. Additionally, magnesium particles are susceptible to oxidation, and their effectiveness decreases over time. The hydrogen concentration produced depends on factors such as usage frequency, container sealability, and reaction time. Regular cleaning is required to prevent bacterial growth inside the stick.
2. Hydrogen-rich Water Machine (Filter Cartridge Type): Equipped with filter cartridges such as PP cotton, activated carbon, magnesium particles, or tourmaline, when water flows through the filter cartridge containing magnesium particles or tourmaline electrolytic filter cartridge, a small amount of hydrogen gas is generated and flows out with the water. This type of hydrogen-rich water machine is essentially a household water purifier with an additional filter cartridge containing magnesium particles or tourmaline electrolytic filter cartridge. Similar to the hydrogen water stick, the magnesium particle filter cartridge is prone to oxidation, and its effectiveness decreases with usage. Moreover, the contact time between water flow and filter cartridge is limited, resulting in extremely low hydrogen gas content.
3. Electrolytic Hydrogen-rich Water Machine: This method utilizes electrolysis of water. The electrolytic water machine is commonly known as an electrolytic water generator. Over the past few decades, electrolytic water has been believed to have auxiliary therapeutic effects for certain diseases. In Japan, electrolytic water is approved and promoted by the National Health Management Department. Electrolytic hydrogen-rich water machines can be divided into two types: one directly connected to the tap water pipe, which purifies the water quality through filter cartridges such as PP cotton and activated carbon before electrolysis; the other allows purified drinking water to be poured into the electrolytic device for electrolysis, and then poured out after a certain electrolysis time. The electrodes used in electrolytic hydrogen-rich water machines are crucial, as low-quality electrodes are easily oxidized, and the heavy metal content in the water increases due to electrolysis. The amount of hydrogen generated by electrolytic hydrogen-rich water machines is related to factors such as the water's hydrogen concentration depends on the type of electrodes used, electrolysis